Among the causes for periodontal (gum) disease are genetic susceptibility, smoking, and other illnesses like diabetes. Periodontal maintenance involves removing plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. Most gum diseases are preventable with proper oral hygiene. However, what can start out as gingivitis (inflamed or bleeding gums) can quickly turn into periodontitis. In such cases, gums pull away from the tooth to create “pockets,” thereby exposing a dental root to infection. It can also lead to prolonged bad breath, loose teeth, painful chewing and other complications.
Diagnosing Gum Disease
During your exam we will examine your gums. A tiny instrument is used called a “Probe” to check for and measure pocket depth around each tooth. We may ask about your medical history to identify conditions or risk factors that may contribute to gum disease.
The goal for treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease.
Some Types of Treatment may be as follows.
Deep Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing) hygienist removes the plaque through a deep-cleaning method called scaling and root planing. Scaling means scraping off the tartar from above and below the gum line. Root planing gets rid of rough spots on the tooth root where the germs gather, and helps remove bacteria that contribute to the disease.
Medications may be used with Scale and Root Planning
We may refer you to the Periodontist depending on how far the disease has progressed.